Beauty standards vary from person to person. What might appear beautiful to one doesn’t necessarily seem the same to another. For medical purposes or to enhance beauty, many people choose plastic surgery. Reconstructive surgeries are a type of plastic surgery in which a body part is reconstructed from its original form to enhance its size and shape or to fix its shape.
While many people choose this type of surgery for body modification, their medical purpose is more widespread. Each type of surgery has its procedure and healing process. If you want to have a general idea about the most common types of reconstructive surgeries, below we have listed the five most common ones.
Rhinoplasty is commonly known as a ‘nose job.’ It’s one of the most common types of cosmetic surgery and is done on the nose. The purpose of this surgery is to modify the shape of the nose for medical purposes or simply to enhance the look. There are procedures for this job - open or closed, and each can last up to three hours.
Surgeons administer local anesthesia for this type of surgery, but depending on the complexity of the process, they can also administer full anesthesia.
Rhinoplasty is used to correct the shape of the nose bridge, remove any bumps or dents on the bridge, fix the nose tip or correct its shape, the shape and width of the nostrils, and even the length and width of the total nose.
A facelift is known as Rhytidectomy in medical terms and is pretty self-explanatory. The procedure involves removing fat, skin, or muscle from the face and neck to reduce the signs of aging in those areas. Each surgery lasts about 2-3 hours and is generally done under local anesthesia. There are multiple types of facelifts and each is done according to the needs of the patient.
In average facelift surgery, the surgeon makes an incision around the face - near the ears, around the hairline, and chin. They remove the skin from the tissue and tighten the muscles beneath as required. After that, they remove the excess fat and skin and place the remaining skin back in its place. In the end, they bandage the face and provide medication for healing.
Another common form of reconstructive surgery is the tummy tuck. It’s known as an abdominoplasty, and it removes excess fat and skin from the abdominal area. If you’ve been through pregnancy, gained excessive belly fat, lost a lot of weight and have excess skin, or have a bulge due to genetic reasons, you can have this surgery to shape your abdominal area.
This surgery is done under general anesthesia and usually takes 2-3 hours. The surgeon makes an incision from the belly button to the pubic area, loosens the skin, removes the excess fat and skin, and places back the remaining skin. They do a bandage and provide medication for healing.
Commonly known as body toning, liposuction is a procedure done on specific body parts to reduce fat through suction. You can get the procedure done on your buttocks, abdomen, thighs, hips, chest, back, upper arms, and calves. You can only go for the surgery if you have a good body weight with fat in these areas, but you can’t do it solely to reduce body weight.
The surgery is done under local anesthesia and can take 1-3 hours. The surgeon makes small incisions in the area and enters a cannula, which is attached to a small vacuum that sucks the fat out. The cannula is moved back and forth for smooth removal. The area is then bandaged, and the patient can get back to regular activities in about a week.
Breast augmentation is another popular form of constructive surgery and is done more frequently than others. It’s clinically known as augmentation mammoplasty. In this procedure, the surgeons enhance the breast volume by entering implants into the breast tissue. The implants can last up to 10-12 years. The implant size and structure can be based on the breast size, tissue, structure, and skin thickness.
People choose to go for breast implants after mastectomy or breast removal after a medical condition, to make the breasts firmer after pregnancy or weight loss, or to generally reshape the breast size. You might get some scarring from the procedure.
You can choose to reconstruct parts of your body depending on your preference or medical conditions. Research well before going for these surgeries and some of them can be permanent and irreversible. Check if you need to continue a procedure to stay in the desired shape over time. Only choose clinics that are experienced in these procedures, and don’t visit shady ones just to save money. Also, try to get the procedure done at a local clinic rather than going to another country as you won’t get prompt medical attention for a botched surgery.